初中英语语法总结及练习— each, every的用法

2018-04-1312:51:09 发表评论 361

each, every的用法

each表示两个或两个以上人/物中的每一个,常用于总数较少的情况

each后接单数名词:

初中英语语法总结及练习— each, every的用法

Tie the rope to each end of the boat. 把绳子系到船的两端。(船只有两端,只能用each)

There are flowers on each side of the pavement. 人行道两边有花。

Each/every student has a card. 每个学生有一张卡。(作主语时,谓语动词用单数)

each可单独使用:

I asked the students. Each (one) had a different explanation. 我问了学生们。每人有一个不同的说法。

None of the beds was the same. Each (one) was different. 没有一张床是一样的。每张都不一样。

There are three books on the desk. Each (one) is interesting. 桌上有三本书,每本都有趣。

[图片] every表示两个以上人/物中的每一个,常用于总数较多的情况,须后接单数名词

Plant the trees on every/each side of the square. 在广场四周种树。

Joey has read every book in the library. 乔伊把图书馆所有的书都读了。

Every man has the right to remain silent. 每个人都有权保持沉默。(作主语时,谓语动词用单数)

each强调个体,every强调全体

You must talk to each student. 你必须和每个学生谈谈。(强调个体,强调一个一个地谈)。

Study each word carefully. 认真学习每个单词。(强调个体,强调一个一个地学)

You must talk to every student. 你必须和每个学生谈谈。(强调全体,强调要和所有学生谈)。

Study every word carefully. 认真学习每个单词。(强调全体,强调要学所有的单词)

“each of these/those/us/you/them” 结构

此结构中的of不可省略(但是all/both of these/those中的of则可省略),但each of us/you/them可变换结构

作主语:

Each of us has a pencil. 我们每人有一只铅笔。

= We each have a pencil. (这种情况,谓语动词随主语we而变为复数)

Each of you has done your best. 你们每人都尽力了。

=You each have done your best.

Each of them costs 1 dollar. 它们每个价值一美元。

=They each cost 1 dollar.

作间接宾语:

They bring each of us the mail. 他们给我们每人带来了邮件。

=They bring us each the mail.

I give each of you a present. 我给你们每人一份礼物。

=I give you each a present.

My mother makes each of them a sweater. 妈妈为他们每人做一件毛衣。

= My mother makes them each a sweater.

然而,we/you/they与each连用作主语时,情态动词和be动词和助动词常位于each之前

We each must do our best. → We must each do our best.

You each have done your best.→ You have each done your best.

They each are very special to me.→ They are each very special to me.

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