语法 | 集体名词做主语,谓语单数 or 复数?

2018-05-2612:56:04 发表评论 195

时不时地会有童鞋问,audience, staff做主语,后面的谓语用单数还是复数呢?印象中有时候用单数有时候用复数。

语法 | 集体名词做主语,谓语单数 or 复数?

知新共学外刊群两周前就遇到了这样一个句子:

The Michigan team are making a prototype and the university, which hopes to commercialise the idea, is in discussions with carmakers and automotive suppliers.

当时就有小主提出来:team明明单数,为什么谓语用了复数呢?

其实这里用is也是妥妥的啦,只不过用了are,team就是整个团队的队员。

今晚就借着这个句子,小小发挥一下关于集体名词以及与之配对的谓语单复数的问题~~

集体名词,表示由个体组成的集体

常见的有:

Army, audience, bacteria, cast, committee, community, company, crew, data, enemy, flock, family, government, group, herd, jury, media, navy, public, police, staff, youth, team….

集体名词有时当做单数看待,有时作复数看待。

一般说来,视为“整体”时作单数看待,想到它的成员时作复数看待。

来几个例句:

His family isn’t large. 他家人不多。

The enemy has suffered heavy losses. 敌人遭受严重损失。

The government is planning to build a dam here. 政府打算在这里建一座水坝。

The public was unlikely to support it. 公众支持的可能性不大。

这几个集合名词作整体看。

His family are all music lovers. 他家的人都喜欢音乐。

The enemy are in flight. 敌人正在逃窜。

The government are discussing the proposal. 政府在讨论这项建议。

The public were deceived by the newspapers. 公众受到报纸的蒙骗。

这几个集合名词侧重其成员。

不过,在很多情况下,

集体名词后单复数都可以用:

The school’s teaching staff is(are) excellent. 该校的师资很不错。

The audience was(were) excited by the show. 观众对演出甚是激动。

The local council are(is) in charge of repairing roads. 当地的政务会负责道路的维修工作。

The jury are(is) about to announce the winners. 评委会将宣布优胜者名单。

要不就记几个通常用作单数的集体名词吧……

The entire community is behind the appeal. 整个社区都支持这项呼吁。

The opposition was quick to reply to the charge. 反对派迅速对指控做出回答。

Our company is sending him to work in Berlin. 我们公司将派遣他去柏林工作。

The gang is being hunted by the police. 这伙匪徒正受警察追捕。

文末再重复一遍:

集体名词视为“整体”时作单数看待,想到它的成员时作复数看待。

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